Table 2.

Risk of hospital-acquired complications in patients with CKD

Hospital-Acquired ComplicationsOR (95% CI)
Alla1.19 (1.15 to 1.23)
Potentially preventableb1.20 (1.16 to 1.24)
Always preventableb1.14 (1.05 to 1.24)
  • OR, odds ratio; 95% CI, 95% confidence interval.

  • a Fully adjusted for age, admission type (elective versus urgent), sex, length of stay, and 17 comorbid conditions.

  • b Fully adjusted for age, admission type (elective versus urgent), sex, length of stay, and 17 comorbid conditions, except for reason for admission. Comorbid conditions were cancer, cerebrovascular disease, congestive heart failure, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, dementia, diabetes with complications, diabetes with no complications, HIV/AIDS, metastatic solid tumor, myocardial infarction, mild liver disease, moderate or severe liver disease, paraplegia or hemiplegia, peptic ulcer disease, peripheral vascular diseases, renal disease, and rheumatologic disease. Normal or