Table 1.

Patient characteristics at the time of suspected catheter–related bloodstream infection

CharacteristicsEvents, n=100Patients, n=62a
Demographics
 Men (%)47 (51.6)35 (56.5)
 Age, yr, mean (range, median)61 (26–88, 62)61 (26–88, 62)
Hemodialysis related
 Hemodialysis vintage, mo, mean (range, median)71 (1–248, 54)63 (1–248, 47)
 Central venous catheter, tunneled (%)100 (100)62 (100)
 Central venous catheter location (%)
  Right internal jugular70 (70)47 (75.8)
  Left internal jugular24 (24)12 (19.4)
  Right femoral4 (4)1 (1.6)
  Left femoral1 (1)1 (1.6)
  Right external jugular1 (1)1 (1.6)
 Central venous catheter vintage, mean (range, median) d,b345 (1–1616, 172)338 (3–1475, 245)
Signs and symptoms on hemodialysis (%)cEvents, n=124Patients, n=74d
 Fever (>37.8°C on hemodialysis)43 (34.7)27 (36.4)
 Chills12 (9.7)9 (12.1)
 Suspected exit site infection11 (8.9)10 (13.5)
 Hypotension (SBP<100 mmHg or drop of SBP by >25 mmHg during hemodialysis)20 (16.1)9 (12.1)
 Nausea or vomiting4 (3.2)1 (1.4)
 Generalized pain4 (3.2)1 (1.4)
 Weakness2 (1.6)0
 Feeling generally unwell8 (6.5)3 (4.1)
 Shortness of breath2 (1.6)1 (1.4)
 Undefined reason18 (14.5)13 (17.5)
  • SBP, systolic BP.

  • a Value related to the first event in the patients with multiple episodes of suspected hemodialysis catheter–related bloodstream infections.

  • b Information on catheter vintage was not available for one patient, because catheter insertion occurred at another dialysis center.

  • c Multiple signs and symptoms per event are reported.

  • d Multiple signs and symptoms reported at the first event in the patients with multiple episodes of catheter–related bloodstream infections.