Table 1.

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

Inclusion CriteriaExclusion Criteria
Age≥ 21 yrNot suitable for implantation (e.g., cachexia, severe dermatologic conditions)
In-center HD≥3 times/wk or
eGFR<15 ml/min per 1.73 m2 with expected HD initiation within 2 mo
Expected survival <6 mo
Left-sided HD catheter in position expected to interfere with implantation
Ability to comply with protocolThoracic surgery within 6 mo
Infection with 14 d
Bacteremia within 60 d
Hemoglobin <10 g/dl on consecutive measurements within prior 2 mo
Transplantation expected within 6 mo
Modality transfer expected within 6 mo
Existing pacemaker or ICD
  • HD, hemodialysis; ICD, implantable cardioverter-defibrillator.