Table 5.

Absolute value of quality of life with the Medical Outcomes Study 36–Item Short–Form Health Survey: Intention-to-treat participants

ItemsAbsolute ValueP Value
AST-120Control
Physical function
 0 mo24.64±4.66 (26 [10, 30])24.16±4.94 (25 [10, 30])Randomization0.55
 12 mo24.48±4.84 (26 [11, 30])24.01±5.03 (25 [10, 30])Time0.003
 24 mo24.34±5.19 (26 [10, 30])23.86±5.27 (25 [10, 30])Randomization × time0.79
 36 mo23.99±5.31(25 [10, 30])24.12±4.97 (25 [10, 30])
Role: Physical
 0 mo15.94±4.25 (17 [4, 20])15.54±4.49 (16.5 [4, 20])Randomization0.40
 12 mo16.14±4.17 (17 [4, 20])15.93±4.26 (17 [4, 20])Time0.18
 24 mo15.97±4.15 (17 [4, 20])15.85±4.52 (17 [4, 20])Randomization × time0.85
 36 mo16.33±4.34 (17.5 [4, 20])15.96±4.19 (17 [4, 20])
Bodily pain
 0 mo3.63±1.96 (3 [2, 11])3.88±2.1 (3 [2, 11])Randomization0.91
 12 mo3.84±1.98 (3 [2, 10])3.93±2.14 (3 [2, 11])Time0.76
 24 mo3.78±2.03 (3 [2, 10])3.92±2.11 (3 [2, 10])Randomization × time0.06
 36 mo3.51±1.86 (3 [2, 10])4±2.06 (4 [2, 10])
General health
 0 mo19.45±2.22 (19 [13, 27])19.53±2.35 (20 [12, 26])Randomization0.65
 12 mo18.79±2.57 (19 [12, 25])18.78±2.42 (19 [13, 28])Time0.06
 24 mo18.81±2.7 (19 [12, 25])19.09±2.1 (19 [13, 24])Randomization × time0.65
 36 mo18.47±2.54 (19 [10, 25])18.96±2.08 (19 [13, 24])
Vitality
 0 mo13.6±2.31 (13 [4, 20])13.78±2.24 (14 [6, 20])Randomization0.11
 12 mo13.56±2.04 (13 [6, 20])13.55±2.24 (14 [4, 20])Time0.60
 24 mo13.6±2.3 (13 [8, 20])13.52±2.05 (13 [4, 20])Randomization × time0.66
 36 mo13.76±2.32 (14 [8, 20])13.57±2.31 (14 [5, 20])
Social functioning
 0 mo6.01±1.19 (6 [2, 10])5.97±1.04 (6 [2, 10])Randomization0.45
 12 mo5.98±1.06 (6 [2, 10])5.9±0.97 (6 [2, 10])Time0.87
 24 mo6.01±1.05 (6 [3, 10])5.88±1.17 (6 [2, 10])Randomization × time0.84
 36 mo5.96±1.21 (6 [2, 10])5.89±1 (6 [3, 10])
Role: Emotional
 0 mo12.49±3.09 (14 [3, 15])12.14±3.16 (13 [3, 15])Randomization0.69
 12 mo12.54±3.05 (14 [3, 15])12.1±3.36 (13 [3, 15])Time0.74
 24 mo12.59±3.01 (14 [3, 15])12.35±3.3 (14 [3, 15])Randomization × time0.69
 36 mo12.59±3.08 (14 [3, 15])12.44±3.28 (14 [3, 15])
Mental health
 0 mo17.58±2.47 (18 [5, 23])17.55±2.27 (18 [10, 23])Randomization0.26
 12 mo17.47±2.18 (18 [7, 22])17.45±2.2 (17 [5, 23])Time0.22
 24 mo17.69±2.28 (18 [11, 25])17.71±2.34 (18 [11, 24])Randomization × time0.12
 36 mo17.71±2.27 (18 [10, 23])17.4±2.5 (17.5 [7, 24])
Total score
 0 mo113.35±10.83 (116 [66, 136])112.56±10.79 (115 [72, 132])Randomization0.96
 12 mo112.79±10.78 (115 [72, 136])111.66±10.99 (114 [69, 134])Time0.52
 24 mo112.79±11.2 (115 [73, 131])112.19±12.24 (115 [67, 132])Randomization × time0.96
 36 mo112.33±11.98 (116 [76, 131])112.35±11.7 (114 [68, 133])
  • Mean±SD (median [minimum, maximum]).