Table 1.

Summary of literature review on nephrology education research

Type of Study Design (Ref)Author (Year)Outcome TypeTraining LevelStudy Aim
Case study (3)Nambudiri (2014)Knowledge acquisitionMedical studentsDescribe a 1-month clinical elective course involving multiple medical fields with focus on lupus.
Case study (4)Mezza (2004)Knowledge acquisitionMedical studentsDescribe educational session using student-selected nephrology case to integrate narrative and EBM learning.
Case study (5)Richardson (2004)Knowledge acquisitionMedical studentsTest visual demonstration as an instructional strategy to clear up misunderstandings related to clearance and volume.
Survey (6)Piccoli (2004)Knowledge acquisition and behavior changeMedical studentsTest the interest and opinions of medical students.
Postscore design (7)Piccoli (2003)Knowledge acquisitionMedical studentsTeach about RRT in medical school to improve predialysis care later.
Postscore design (8)Elzubeir (2012)Knowledge acquisitionMedical studentsAssess teaching of new PBL curriculum according to students’ and tutors’ perceptions of relevance, stimulation, and amount learned from the problems.
Case study (9)Kamesh (2012)Knowledge acquisitionResidentsEvaluate resource requirements and effect on service delivery of implementing CBT in renal medicine.
Survey (10)Agrawal (2011)Knowledge acquisitionResidentsAssess residency preparation for CKD complications seen in primary care.
RCT (11)Davids (2014)Knowledge acquisitionMedical students/residentsTo investigate a usability evaluation of electrolyte case multimedia e-learning resource in medical residents retention of knowledge.
RCT (12)Jhaveri (2012)Behavior changeResidentsNovel nephrology elective structure compared with traditional inpatient only model on improving interest in nephrology.
Postscore design (13)Calderon (2011)Knowledge acquisitionResidentsAssessing creative writing as a teaching tool in nephrology to assess knowledge acquisition.
Retrospective cohort (14)Fülöp (2014)Knowledge acquisitionFellowsReview of 2.5 years of renal biopsy experience after receiving training and practice in renal sonogram.
Retrospective cohort (15)Amos (2013)Behavior changeFellowsDescribe the relationship between clinical experiences during training and number of trainees.
Before and after study (16)Dawoud (2012)Knowledge acquisitionFellowsAssess change in confidence in kidney biopsy with simulation training; procedural competence measured by outcomes compared with nonparticipants.
Retrospective cohort (17)Coentrao (2012)Knowledge acquisitionFellowsExamine the accuracy of physical examination in the assessment of AVF dysfunction compared with angiography.
Survey (18)Combs (2015)Knowledge acquisition and behavior changeFellowsExamining the quality of training in and attitudes toward end-of-life care and knowledge and preparedness to provide nephrology-specific end-of-life care of renal fellows.
Retrospective cohort (19)Yuan (2014)Knowledge acquisitionFellowsOutpatient encounter chart audits during training years corresponding to participation in the nephrology in-training examination; assessing long-term deficiencies via chart audits.
Postscore design (20)Prince (2014)Knowledge acquisitionFellowsUse of observed standardized clinical examinations in the recognition and management of rare hemodialysis emergencies.
Survey (21)Shah (2014)Knowledge acquisition and behavior changeFellowsAssessing palliative and end-of-life training in nephrology fellows.
Retrospective cohort (22)Fülöp (2013)Knowledge acquisitionFellowsAssessing the competency of trainees in tunneled catheter removal.
Survey (23)Clark (2013)Knowledge acquisitionFellowsAssessing the comfort level of catheter insertion for dialysis by renal fellows in training in Canada.
Postscore design (24)Shah (2013)Knowledge acquisitionFellowsNovel tool used to do interdivisional debates.
Survey (25)Jhaveri (2013)Knowledge acquisition and behavior changeFellowsA web-based survey asking why nonrenal fellows did not choose nephrology as a career choice.
Survey (1)Shah (2012)Behavior changeFellowsA web-based survey on career satisfaction of nephrology fellows in training.
Prospective observational cohort (26)Ahya (2012)Knowledge acquisitionFellowsSimulation trained fellows on catheter insertion followed for 6 months on actual patient catheter insertions using the checklist and reassessed for retention at 1 year.
Survey (27)Weinstein (2010)Knowledge acquisition and behavior changeFellowsWeb-based survey in assessing the reasons for entry into pediatric nephrology workforce.
Survey (28)Berns (2010)Knowledge acquisitionFellowsAn Internet-based survey to rate fellowship training in specific areas and the importance of each area to their current careers and practices.
Prospective observational cohort (29)Barsuk (2009)Knowledge acquisitionFellowsComparing traditional training versus simulator training for dialysis catheter insertion for fellows in training with follow-up clinical care.
Survey (30)Holley (2003)Knowledge acquisition and behavior changeFellowsSurvey of fellows in training on end-of-life care in nephrology.
Case study (31)Jhaveri (2012)Knowledge acquisitionFellowsEvaluation of a novel teaching tool to teach in the classroom setting in nephrology.
  • Ref, reference; RCT, randomized controlled trial; EBM, evidence-based medicine; PBL, problem-based learning; CBT, competency-based training; AVF, arteriovenous fistula.