Table 2.

Diagnoses and procedures most strongly associated with dialysis–requiring AKI (versus nondialysis–requiring AKI) hospitalizations in 2009 (ranked by order of event rate ratios)

Diagnoses and ProceduresEvent Rate Ratio (AKI-D Versus Non–AKI-D Hospitalizations)95% CI
 Shock20.520.0 to 20.9
 Cardiac arrest and ventricular fibrillation10.49.9 to 11.0
 Septicemia9.59.3 to 9.6
 Multiple myeloma8.57.8 to 9.2
 Respiratory failure7.57.4 to 7.6
 Coagulation and hemorrhagic disorders6.66.5 to 6.7
 Hypertension6.56.5 to 6.6
 Coma, stupor, and brain damage5.95.6 to 6.2
 Liver diseases5.75.5 to 5.8
 Mycoses5.65.5 to 5.8
 Peritonitis and intestinal abscess5.65.2 to 6.0
 Gangrene5.55.1 to 6.0
 Injuries or conditions caused by external injuries5.35.2 to 5.4
 Aspiration pneumonitis5.25.0 to 5.4
 Complication of device, implant, or graft5.25.0 to 5.3
 Coronary and vascular stents33.733.4 to 34.0
 Nonkidney solid organ transplantation25.222.0 to 28.9
 Tracheostomy18.217.3 to 19.1
 Swan–Ganz catheterizations15.314.2 to 16.6
 Skin and breast procedures11.511.1 to 12.0
 Respiratory intubation/mechanical ventilation10.09.9 to 10.1
 Nephrotomy/nephrostomy9.68.7 to 10.6
 Endobronchial procedures8.78.1 to 9.4
 Cardioversion8.78.3 to 9.1
 Skin diagnostic procedures8.47.3 to 9.6
 Abdominal paracentesis7.47.0 to 7.8
 Bronchoscopy7.26.9 to 7.5
 Noncardiac vascular catheterizations6.86.7 to 6.9
 Bone marrow transplantation6.55.3 to 8.0
 Enteral and parenteral nutrition6.46.2 to 6.6
  • AKI-D, dialysis-requiring AKI; 95% CI, 95% confidence interval.