Table 2.

Formation of themes

Overarching ThemeThemeNo. of Codes Associated with ThemeNo. of Items of Evidence Associated with ThemeNo. of Papers Associated with Theme
Commencing or withholding
 Patient factorsDeliberation of factors4522811
Gut instinct284510
Coping mechanisms34619
 Health care team factorsBiomedical criteria176211
Ethical dilemma6172
 Patient and health care team interactionPower and communication7112410
Dialysis withdrawal
  Life on dialysisExperiential knowledge42309
 Patient factorsFacing withdrawal39628
Family influence7295
 Health care team factorsAvoidance49674
Genuine request10153
 Patient and health care team interactionDoing trumps talking29347
If not now, when?1975