Table 2.

All-cause mortality hazard ratio by sex-standardized height decile

Height DecileMortality (%) (Frequency) Hazard Ratio (95% Confidence Interval)
UnadjustedaAge AdjustedaAge, Sex, Race AdjustedaCase-Mix AdjustedbFully Adjustedc
152 (7059)0.98 (0.95 to 1.02)0.90 (0.87 to 0.93)0.95 (0.92 to 0.99)0.88 (0.85 to 0.91)0.91 (0.88 to 0.94)
253 (8224)1.03 (0.99 to 1.07)0.96 (0.93 to 0.99)1.00 (0.97 to 1.03)0.94 (0.91 to 0.98)0.97 (0.94 to 1.00)
352 (9657)1.01 (0.98 to 1.04)0.95 (0.92 to 0.98)0.97 (0. 94 to 1.00)0.94 (0.91 to 0.97)0.95 (0.92 to 0.98)
451 (3940)1.01 (0.97 to 1.05)1.00 (0.96 to 1.04)0.99 (0.95 to 1.03)0.98 (0.94 to 1.02)0.97 (0.94 to 1.01)
5d52 (6905)11111
653 (3705)1.04 (0.99 to 1.08)1.02 (0.98 to 1.06)1.04 (1.00 to 1.08)1.05 (1.01 to 1.10)1.06 (1.02 to 1.11)
752 (6410)1.04 (1.01 to 1.08)1.07 (1.03 to 1.10)1.05 (1.02 to 1.09)1.08 (1.05 to 1.12)1.07 (1.03 to 1.11)
850 (5039)0.98 (0.95 to 1.02)1.05 (1.01 to 1.09)1.04 (1.00 to 1.08)1.09 (1.05 to 1.13)1.06 (1.02 to 1.10)
949 (5637)0.97 (0.94 to 1.01)1.10 (1.06 to 1.13)1.07 (1.03 to 1.11)1.15 (1.11 to 1.20)1.14 (1.10 to 1.18)
1047 (3709)0.93 (0.89 to 0.96)1.11 (1.07 to 1.16)1.11 (1.06 to 1.15)1.24 (1.19 to 1.29)1.18 (1.14 to 1.23)
  • a Adjusted for weight and cohort entry quarter.

  • b Further adjusted for age, sex, race/ethnicity, diabetes mellitus, nine pre-existing comorbidities (cancer, HIV infection, peripheral vascular disease, congestive heart failure, hypertension, cerebrovascular accident, atherosclerotic heart disease, other cardiac disease, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), tobacco smoking, dialysis vintage, insurance status, marital status, dialysis dose, and residual renal function.

  • c Additionally adjusted for 11 serum or blood laboratory variables (albumin, total iron-binding capacity, ferritin, creatinine, phosphorus, calcium, normalized protein catabolic rate expressed as normalized protein nitrogen appearance, bicarbonate, white blood cell count, lymphocyte percentage, and hemoglobin).

  • d The fifth height decile was considered the decile of reference for calculations of all-cause mortality.