Table 2.

Baseline characteristics of participants by gout diagnosis

CharacteristicNo Gout Diagnosis (n=10,291)Gout (n=654)P Value
Mean urate±SD (range) (mg/dl) 5.5±1.4 (1.5–12.6)6.8±1.9 (2.5–14.4)<0.001
Mean age±SD (yr)63.2±5.764.4±5.7<0.001
Men (%)42.963.9<0.001
Black (%)21.129.8<0.001
Diabetes (%)15.631.7<0.001
Hypertension (%)45.866.2<0.001
Prevalent coronary heart disease (%)7.915.4<0.001
Mean eGFR±SD (ml/min per 1.73 m2)86.7±15.581.0±19.5<0.001
eGFR<60 ml/min per 1.73 m2 (%)5.615.0<0.001
ACR≥30 mg/g (%)7.518.3<0.001
Diuretic use (%)16.231.5<0.001
Allopurinol use (%)0.223.1<0.001
Losartan use (%)0.52.0<0.001
  • Information on gout diagnosis was not available for 66 of 11,011 participants. ACR, albumin-to-creatinine ratio.