Table 4.

Multivariate analysis of the factors associated with hospitalization-free survival with either all-cause or cardiovascular disease

FactorAll-Cause Hospitalization (297 Admissions)Cardiovascular Hospitalization (129 Admissions)
Hazard Ratio95% CIP ValueHazard Ratio95% CIP Value
Kauppila score >61.000.96 to 1.040.941.061.01 to 1.110.02
Adragao score ≥31.141.06 to 1.22<0.0011.141.02 to 1.260.02
Age (yr)1.021.00 to 1.030.101.010.98 to 1.030.62
Smoking (active)1.060.59 to 1.900.850.820.31 to 2.150.68
Diabetes mellitus1.410.95 to 2.090.081.190.68 to 2.080.54
Comorbiditya1.030.69 to 1.520.902.061.18 to 3.620.01
Systolic BP0.990.98 to 1.000.090.990.97 to 0.990.02
Diastolic BP1.000.99 to 1.020.710.990.97 to 1.020.61
Pathologic ankle-brachial index1.050.71 to 1.530.821.210.69 to 2.100.51
Phosphorous (mg/dl)1.251.02 to 1.540.031.080.74 to 1.600.68
eGFR (ml/min per 1.73 m2)0.990.97 to 1.000.121.010.98 to 1.030.66
Hemoglobin (g/L)1.020.90 to 1.150.780.990.83 to 1.190.95
Albumin (g/dl)0.660.47 to 0.930.020.740.43 to 1.280.28
Total cholesterol1.000.99 to 1.000.151.000.99 to 1.000.15
  • a Includes background of coronary disease, congestive cardiac insufficiency, cerebrovascular disease, or peripheral vascular disease.