Table 1.

Transplant recipient characteristics by state

CharacteristicsTNNCPAWIP ValueaFLCANYOHP Valuea
Patients (n)4658490314,329473310,86320,58111,2987374
No. of DSAs22224444
Blood type
 A39.638.239.342.00.8336.636.435.138.40.89
 AB5.65.35.56.20.945.15.66.45.60.85
 B11.812.412.612.80.9812.913.313.011.90.94
 O43.044.142.738.90.6745.444.845.544.10.99
Age at transplant
 0–17 yr3.74.14.12.40.453.86.55.13.60.08
 18–39 yr28.828.223.222.70.0823.727.225.425.60.65
 40–64 yr60.259.257.663.00.6657.255.357.360.80.73
 ≥65 yr7.48.515.012.0<0.00115.310.912.210.00.09
Men62.259.262.160.80.8461.259.760.561.80.97
Race
 Non-Hispanic White57.540.763.868.9<0.00151.435.047.062.6<0.001
 Non-Hispanic black40.555.129.119.9<0.00130.915.232.133.5<0.001
 Hispanic0.91.33.64.80.00113.830.813.41.8<0.001
 Asian0.81.52.74.90.0012.715.65.91.6<0.001
 Other0.31.30.81.60.201.23.31.50.50.01
Panel reactive antibodies
 0–1981.183.985.683.40.8689.188.386.585.60.95
 20–7912.911.69.611.40.318.78.29.811.00.54
 80–1006.04.54.85.20.802.33.43.73.40.62
Primary diagnosis
 Diabetes13.215.415.117.00.5915.513.914.917.50.53
 Glomerulosclerosis5.89.87.110.00.059.79.47.28.90.50
 Hypertension23.418.216.610.9<0.00119.312.717.113.80.01
 Polycystic kidneys5.95.16.27.90.428.04.56.16.60.06
 Graft failure6.15.15.07.50.243.65.15.75.50.47
 Other45.546.450.146.60.5643.854.449.147.60.05
Primary insurance
 Medicare58.258.932.551.3<0.00156.540.942.443.80.003
 Private32.534.74.86.10.3338.040.140.647.50.37
 Medicaid4.85.258.238.0<0.0013.915.715.57.7<0.001
 Other4.51.24.54.60.071.73.41.51.00.09
Some college51.652.849.955.90.5056.856.154.955.10.98
Pre-emptive listing35.437.029.831.40.0838.628.530.528.00.01
  • Unless otherwise noted, values are percentages. Patient characteristics of all transplant recipients who underwent transplantation within Tennessee (TN), North Carolina (NC), Pennsylvania (PA), Wisconsin (WI), Florida (FL), California (CA), New York (NY), and Ohio (OH) are listed for the study period (1987–2009). In 1991 and 1992, respectively, TN and FL implemented the Statewide Sharing variance. The P value illustrates the magnitude of difference between the states for a specific patient characteristic. DSA, donor service area.

  • a A chi-squared test was used to calculate P values to determine significant differences across the four respective states.