Table 5.

Rates for cause-specific hospitalization by profit status and the adjusted relative rate among patients on hemodialysis

Cause of HospitalizationFor-Profit per 100 Person-YearsNonprofit per 100 Person-YearsRelative Rate
(95% Confidence Interval)aP Value
Complications of vascular access or renal device, implant or graft20.717.21.15 (1.11 to 1.20)<0.001
Congestive heart failure or fluid overload17.212.31.37 (1.31 to 1.44)<0.001
Hyperkalemia2.532.451.04 (0.99 to 1.09)0.14
  • a Comparison of for-profit versus nonprofit adjusted for region, age, race, sex, ethnicity, heart failure, atherosclerotic heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, peripheral vascular disease, hypertension, amputation, diabetes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, tobacco use, cancer, inability to ambulate/transfer, residence in care facility, prior nephrology care, and estimated GFR at initiation of dialysis.