Table 1.

Characteristics of patients enrolled in hospice (N=126,620)

Patient CharacteristicsHospice Patients Who Discontinued Dialysis (n=1947) Patients With a Nonrenal Hospice Diagnosis (n=124,673)P
Age (yr)78 (72–87)77 (69–88)0.11
Men977 (50.2)55,064 (44.2)<0.001
Hospice
 049 (2.5)6842 (5.5)
 1387 (19.9)14,491 (5.5)<0.001
 234 (1.8)3537 (11.6)0.19
 3164 (8.4)10,846 (2.8)<0.001
 4138 (7.1)11,182 (8.7)0.001
 5461 (23.7)30,424 (24.4)<0.001
 6165 (8.5)9967 (8.0)<0.001
 749 (2.5)8304 (6.7)0.34
 851 (2.6)2934 (2.4)<0.001
 9449 (23.1)26,146 (21)<0.001
Admission year
 2008380 (19.5)23,666 (19)
 2009372 (19.1)24,226 (19.4)0.54
 2010412 (21.2)24,934 (20.0)0.69
 2011364 (18.7)25,269 (20.3)0.14
 2012419 (21.5)26,578 (21.3)0.80
Race
 White1564 (80.3)108,139 (86.7)
 Nonwhite201 (10.3)8359 (6.7)
 Missing182 (9.4)8175 (6.6)
Initial site of care
 Home538 (27.6)62,995 (50.5)—-
 Nursing home or residential hospice facility381 (19.6)27,936 (22.4)<0.001
 Hospital or inpatient hospice unit1028 (52.8)33,742 (27.1)<0.001
Married557 (28.6)38,491 (30.9)0.03
Oxygen623 (32.0)44,997 (36.1)0.75
Intravenous opioid30 (1.5)1508 (1.2)0.19
Advance directive501 (25.7)38,416 (30.8)<0.001
Do Not Resuscitate order1049 (53.9)68,717 (55.1)0.28
Wound stage ≥2110 (5.6)9640 (7.7)<0.001
Gastrostomy or jejunostomy tube162 (8.3)9884 (7.9)0.53
Peripheral edema488 (25.1)38,441 (30.8)<0.001
Palliative Performance Scale score
 0409 (21.0)159 (0.13)<0.001
 10478 (24.6)13,232 (10.6)
 20423 (21.7)12,607 (10.1)
 30304 (15.6)23,378 (18.8)
 40110 (5.7)28,921 (23.2)
 5014 (0.7)22,561 (18.1)
 601 (0.1)5796 (4.7)
 701 (0.1)1312 (1.1)
 800246 (0.2)
 90048 (0.04)
 100013 (0.01)
 Missing207 (10.6)16,400 (13.2)
  • Data are presented as n (%) or mean (interquartile range).