Table 3.

Cardiometabolic risk factors in men with CKD stratified by their degree of adherence to a Mediterranean dietary pattern

Cardiometabolic Risk FactorLow Adherence (n=131)Medium Adherence (n=319)High Adherence (n=56)P for Trend
Body mass index, kg/m226.9±3.326.3±3.427.1±3.90.48
Waist circumference, cm97±1095±1097±110.44
Systolic BP, mmHg149±19148±19148±190.80
Diastolic BP, mmHg85±1085±1084±90.59
Triglycerides, mg/dl125 (89, 169)112 (84, 152)119 (77, 170)0.12
Total cholesterol, mg/dl220±41222±38228±370.25
HDL cholesterol, mg/dl47±1449±1448±140.23
Glucose, mg/dl103±20101±21106±280.60
Insulin, μU/ml9 (5, 12)7 (5, 10)8 (6, 13)0.41
C-reactive protein, mg/L2.4 (1.2, 5.7)2.2 (1.2, 5.0)2.1 (1.4, 3.6)0.20
Albumin, g/dl4.3±0.34.3±0.34.3±0.30.65
Sodium intake, g/d2.4±0.72.6±0.82.5±0.60.09
Phosphate intake, g/d1.6 (1.2, 2.8)1.5 (1.1, 2.5)1.3 (1.0, 1.8)0.003
Net endogenous acid production, mEq/d44±841±838±7<0.001
  • Data are expressed as mean ± SD or median (interquartile range) as appropriate. Conversion factors for units are ×0.01129 for triglycerides (mg/dl to mmol/L), ×0.02586 for total and HDL cholesterol (mg/dl to mmol/L), ×0.05551 for glucose (mg/dl to mmol/L), and ×6 for insulin (μU/ml to pmol/L).