Table 2.

Logistic regression models for the presence of CKD

ExposureCrude Odds Ratio (95% CI)Adjusted Odds Ratio (95% CI)
All participants (n=1110)
 Two-point increase in Mediterranean diet score0.84 (0.72 to 0.98)0.88 (0.75 to 1.02)
 Adherence groups
  Low (Mediterranean diet score=1–2)ReferenceReference
  Medium (Mediterranean diet score=3–5)0.72 (0.54 to 0.97)0.77 (0.57 to 1.05)
  High (Mediterranean diet score=6–8)0.54 (0.36 to 0.81)0.58 (0.38 to 0.87)
 P for trend0.010.04
Adequate reporters (n=597)
 Two-point increase in Mediterranean diet score0.86 (0.69 to 1.07)0.89 (0.71 to 1.12)
 Adherence groups
  Low (Mediterranean diet score=1–2)ReferenceReference
  Medium (Mediterranean diet score=3–5)0.73 (0.48 to 1.11)0.78 (0.50 to 1.20)
  High (Mediterranean diet score=6–8)0.47 (0.26 to 0.85)0.49 (0.27 to 0.91)
 P for trend0.040.08
  • Data are presented as odds ratio (95% confidence interval [95% CI]). Covariance in the adjusted models includes body mass index, physical activity, smoking status, education, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and diabetes.