Table 4.

Proportional hazards regression models predicting for all-cause mortality in men with CKD

ExposureCrude Hazard Ratio (95% CI)Adjusted Hazard Ratio (95% CI)
All CKD men (n=506)
 Two-point increase in Mediterranean diet score0.77 (0.63 to 0.93)0.82 (0.69 to 1.01)
 Adherence groups
  Low (Mediterranean diet score=1–2)ReferenceReference
  Medium (Mediterranean diet score=3–5)0.69 (0.50 to 0.97)0.75 (0.52 to 1.06)
  High (Mediterranean diet score=6–8)0.72 (0.42 to 1.24)0.77 (0.44 to 1.36)
 P for trend0.030.10
Adequate reporters (n=250)
 Two-point increase in Mediterranean diet score0.73 (0.54 to 0.99)0.66 (0.48 to 0.90)
 Adherence groups
  Low (Mediterranean diet score=1–2)ReferenceReference
  Medium (Mediterranean diet score=3–5)0.56 (0.35 to 0.92)0.48 (0.29 to 0.80)
  High (Mediterranean diet score=6–8)0.54 (0.24 to 1.26)0.42 (0.18 to 1.02)
 P for trend0.020.005
  • Data are presented as hazard ratio (95% confidence interval [95% CI]). Covariance in the adjusted models includes body mass index, physical activity, smoking status, education, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and diabetes.