Table 3.

Hazard ratios of death for all blacks compared with all whites and for non-Hispanic blacks and Hispanics compared with non-Hispanic whites in the overall and seven age groups

Age (yr)Reference: All Whites Including HispanicsReference: Non-Hispanic Whites
HR (95% CI)Adjusted HRa (95% CI)HR (95% CI)Adjusted HRa (95% CI)
OverallBlack0.66 (0.65–0.66)0.83 (0.83–0.84)Non-Hispanic black0.60 (0.59–0.60)0.77 (0.76–0.77)
Hispanic0.58 (0.58–0.59)0.70 (0.69–0.70)
18–30Black1.33 (1.27–1.39)1.43 (1.37–1.50)Non-Hispanic black1.04 (0.99–1.09)b1.19 (1.13–1.25)
Hispanic0.48 (0.45–0.52)0.58 (0.53–0.62)
31–40Black0.94 (0.92–0.97)1.10 (1.07–1.13)Non-Hispanic black0.82 (0.80–0.84)0.97 (0.94–1.00)b
Hispanic0.59 (0.57–0.62)0.67 (0.64–0.70)
41–50Black0.85 (0.83–0.86)0.90 (0.89–0.92)Non-Hispanic black0.75 (0.74–0.77)0.78 (0.77–0.80)
Hispanic0.64 (0.62–0.66)0.61 (0.60–0.63)
51–60Black0.78 (0.77–0.79)0.82 (0.81–0.83)Non-Hispanic black0.70 (0.69–0.71)0.72 (0.71–0.73)
Hispanic0.66 (0.65–0.67)0.64 (0.63–0.65)
61–70Black0.77 (0.76–0.77)0.80 (0.80–0.81)Non-Hispanic black0.72 (0.71–0.72)0.74 (0.73–0.75)
Hispanic0.71 (0.70–0.72)0.71 (0.70–0.72)
71–80Black0.81 (0.80–0.82)0.83 (0.83–0.84)Non-Hispanic black0.79 (0.78–0.80)0.80 (0.79–0.81)
Hispanic0.79 (0.78–0.80)0.79 (0.77–0.80)
>80Black0.88 (0.87–0.89)0.87 (0.86–0.88)Non-Hispanic black0.87 (0.86–0.88)0.85 (0.84–0.87)
Hispanic0.88 (0.86–0.90)0.86 (0.84–0.88)
  • All P values<0.001 unless otherwise specified. HR, hazard ratio; CI, confidence interval.

  • a Adjusted for age, sex, insurance type (private, Medicare, or Medicaid/none), body mass index, lifestyle behavior, immobility, cause of ESRD, dialysis type, pre-ESRD use of erythropoietin-stimulating agents, and comorbid conditions.

  • b P=0.08.