Table 1.

Baseline characteristics of 20 study participants

CharacteristicValue
Age63.1±10.8
Female no. (%)12 (60)
Race/ethnicity no. (%)
 Black11 (55)
 Hispanic9 (45)
Body mass index (kg/m2)31.2±6.4
BP (mmHg)134/70±13/7
Hypertension no. (%)19 (95)
Diabetes mellitus no. (%)17 (85)
Coronary artery disease no. (%)3 (15)
Congestive heart failure no. (%)2 (10)
Medication use no. (%)
 Diuretic15 (75)
 ACE inhibitor or ARB17 (85)
β-Blocker16 (80)
Edema no. (%)
 None11 (55)
 1+7 (35)
 2+2 (10)
Estimated GFR (ml/min per 1.73 m2)32.9±8.9
Serum bicarbonate (mEq/L)23.0±2.4
Serum potassium (mEq/L)4.6±0.4
  • Data are expressed as mean ± SD unless otherwise noted. ACE, angiotensin-converting enzyme; ARB, angiotensin-receptor blocker.