Table 3.

Mortality rate due to specific causes in patients without congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract by treatment modality

VariableMortality Rate by Cause of Death (per 100 Person-Years)
CVDCancerInfectionOtherUnknown
Dialysis
 Non-CAKUT3.72a0.681.492.091.87
 CAKUT2.050.511.281.621.51
  Neurogenic PN2.82b0.452.12b3.27b2.25b
  Obstructive PN2.040.651.261.181.26
  Reflux PN1.860.451.071.551.55
  Hypoplasia2.79c0.470.851.401.47
  Dysplasia0.720.521.450.831.24
Post-transplantation
 Non-CAKUT0.230.130.220.250.25
 CAKUT0.130.140.150.130.20
  Neurogenic PN0.410.100.510.410.61
  Obstructive PN0.120.100.020.060.14
  Reflux PN0.100.180.180.120.27
  Hypoplasia0.050.090.140.140.14
  Dysplasia0.160.160.160.160.04
  • CVD, cardiovascular disease; CAKUT, congenital anomalies of the kidneys and urinary tract; PN, pyelonephritis.

  • a Significantly different from the CAKUT group

  • b Within the CAKUT group: significantly different from the dysplasia subgroup (P<0.05).

  • c Within the CAKUT group: significantly different from the other CAKUT subgroups (P<0.05).