Table 2.

Baseline characteristics of intervention and control groups

CharacteristicIntervention Group (n=92)Control Group (n=75)P Value
Age
 18–44 yr14 (15)9 (12)
 45–54 yr31 (34)18 (24)0.10
 55–64 yr39 (42)30 (40)
 65–70 yr8 (9)18 (24)
Male47 (51)47 (63)0.07
Race
 black65 (71)49 (65)
 white17 (18)21 (28)0.50
 other10 (11)5 (7)
Cause of renal failure
 hypertension37 (40)36 (48)
 diabetes35 (38)23 (31)0.82
 GN9 (10)8 (11)
 other11 (12)8 (11)
Time receiving dialysis.
 <18 mo45 (49)24 (32)
 18–36 mo18 (20)26 (35)0.06
 >36 mo29 (32)25 (33)
Education
 less than high school11 (12)13 (17)
 high school graduate37 (40)34 (45)0.12
 some college31 (34)21 (28)
 college graduate13 (14)7 (9)
Mean comorbid conditions ± SD (n)a1.6±1.21.8±1.30.17
Baseline step
 suitability39 (42)35 (47)
 interest3 (3)8 (11)0.63
 referral call46(50)26 (35)
 first visit4 (4)6 (8)
  • Data are expressed as number (percentage) of participants unless otherwise indicated.

  • a On the basis of the presence of the following 10 disease categories: coronary artery disease, congestive heart failure, peripheral vascular disease, cerebrovascular disease, depression or psychosis, previous solid tumor or hematologic malignancy, connective tissue disease, asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, diabetes mellitus, and drug or alcohol abuse.