Table 3.

Risk of ESRD among stone formers compared with control participants in Olmsted County, Minnesota, adjusting for comorbidity status

Adjusting FactorHazard Ratio (95% Confidence Interval)
Coded Stone Formers
(Group 1)Random Subset of Validated
Symptomatic Stone Formers (Group 4)
None2.36 (1.65, 3.37)1.98 (1.13, 3.45)
Diabetes2.24 (1.57, 3.20)1.91 (1.09, 3.35)
Obesity2.30 (1.61, 3.29)1.96 (1.12, 3.42)
Hypertension2.38 (1.67, 3.40)2.09 (1.19, 3.65)
Dyslipidemia2.36 (1.65, 3.37)1.99 (1.14, 3.47)
Gout2.31 (1.62, 3.31)1.95 (1.12, 3.41)
CKD2.07 (1.44, 2.98)1.76 (0.99, 3.11)
Diabetes, obesity, hypertension, dyslipidemia, gout, and CKD2.09 (1.45, 3.01)1.95 (1.09, 3.49)
Excluding persons with baseline CKD2.25 (1.42, 3.56)1.96 (0.98 3.90)