Table 1.

Clinical characteristics, anthropometric measurements, and biochemical markers of nutritional and inflammatory status in incident and prevalent patients undergoing dialysis

VariableIncident Dialysis Group (n=458)Prevalent Dialysis Group (n=383)P Value
 age (yr)54±1362±14<0.001
 men (%)61560.21
 diabetes mellitus (%)30220.01
 cardiovascular disease (%)35630.001
 GFR (ml/min per 1.73 m2)6±3ND
 hemoglobin (g/L)104±14110±18<0.001
 urinary albumin excretion (mg/24 hr)1981 (797–3741)ND
Nutritional variables
 SGA score >1 (%)3142<0.001
 serum albumin (g/L)33.0±6.034.6±4.6<0.001
 body mass index (kg/m2)24.6±4.323.7±4.8<0.01
 handgrip strength (% of control)77±2545±28<0.001
 serum creatinine (µmol/L)722±242766±223<0.05
Inflammation variable
 hsCRP (mg/L)9 (1.1–4.8)10 (5.5–20.0)<0.05
  • Data are presented as mean ± SD, median (25th–75th percentile), or percentage. Handgrip strength was normalized with the measurements from healthy persons. ND, not determined; SGA, subjective global assessment; hsCRP, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein.