Table 1.

Baseline characteristics of the participants

VariableControl (n=30)AKI (n=30)
Median age in years (IQR)56 (45–61)57 (50–64)
Female (%)12 (40)10 (36)
Race (%)
 white13 (43)13 (43)
 nonwhite17 (57)17 (57)
Comorbidities (%)
 congestive heart failure9 (30)6 (20)
 hypertension14 (47)14 (47)
 liver disease9 (30)8 (27)
 diabetes8 (27)17 (57)
Hospital location (%)
 general medical ward17 (57)16 (53)
 intensive care unit13 (43)14 (47)
Renal functiona
 median serum creatinine (mg/dl; IQR)0.8 (0.7–0.9)0.9 (0.7–1.0)
 median eGFR (ml/min per 1.73 m2; IQR)111 (92–126)103 (82–131)
Cause of AKI (%)
 ischemic ATN14 (47)
 sepsis5 (17)
 nephrotoxin6 (20)
 HRS2 (7)
 AIN1 (3)
 rhabdomyolysis2 (6)
  • IQR, interquartile range; eGFR, estimated GFR; ATN, acute tubular necrosis; HRS, hepatorenal syndrome; AIN, acute interstitial nephritis.

  • a Represents renal function before study enrollment.