Table 5.

Likelihood of kidney transplantation after initiation of dialysis, stratified by modality at 90 days

VariableUrbanMicropolitanRural
Hemodialysis
 patients (n)94,37811,38611,140
 unadjusted HR1.00 (reference)0.99 (0.93–1.06)1.01 (0.94–1.08)
 HR adjusted for age, sex, race, BMI, region, SES1.00 (reference)1.18 (1.10–1.27)1.29 (1.20–1.38)
 fully adjusted HRa1.00 (reference)1.19 (1.11–1.28)1.30 (1.21–1.40)
Peritoneal dialysis
 patients (n)776111401304
 unadjusted HR1.00 (reference)1.04 (0.91–1.19)0.80 (0.69–0.92)
 HR adjusted for age, sex, race, BMI, region, SES1.00 (reference)1.26 (1.09–1.45)1.01 (0.87–1.18)
 fully adjusted HRa1.00 (reference)1.31 (1.13–1.51)1.06 (0.91–1.24)
  • Hazard ratios by Cox regression. Numbers in parentheses are 95% confidence intervals. HR, hazard ratio; BMI, body mass index; SES, socioeconomic status.

  • a Models adjusted for demographic characteristics (age, sex, race, BMI, United States region), SES (insurance status, employment status, community median income), kidney disease–related features (presumed cause of ESRD, estimated GFR), and medical comorbid conditions.