Table 1.

Characteristics of patients evaluated for renal transplantation at Emory Transplant Center from 2005 to 2008 by the Educational Intervention Group

CharacteristicStudy Population (n=1126)Preimplementation of Education Intervention (n=845; 75.0%)Postimplementation of Educational Intervention (n=281; 25.0%)P Value
Patient-level characteristics at evaluation start
 mean age in years (SD)50.5±13.350.6±13.050.7±13.30.85
 age category (%)0.63
  20–39 years265 (23.5%)190 (22.5%)75 (26.7%)
  40–49 years251 (22.3%)194 (23.0%)57 (20.3%)
  50–59 years319 (28.3%)242 (28.6%)77 (27.4%)
  60–69 years212 (18.8%)161 (19.1%)51 (18.2%)
  70–85 years79 (7.0%)58 (6.9%)21 (7.5%)
 male (%)663 (58.9%)499 (59.1%)164 (58.4%)0.84
 race0.07
  white465 (41.3%)362 (42.8%)103 (36.7%)
  black661 (58.7%)483 (57.2%)178 (63.4%)
 cause of ESRD (%)0.73
  diabetes415 (36.9%)306 (36.2%)109 (38.8%)
  hypertension331 (29.4%)255 (30.2%)76 (27.1%)
  glomerulonephritis130 (11.6%)99 (11.7%)31 (11.0%)
  other250 (22.2%)185 (21.9%)65 (21.1%)
 time on dialysis0.04
  no dialysis249 (22.1%)201 (23.8%)48 (17.1%)
  0–6 months210 (18.7%)160 (18.9%)50 (17.8%)
  6–12 months237 (21.1%)177 (21.0%)60 (21.4%)
  12–24 months175 (15.5%)132 (15.6%)43 (15.3%)
  >24 months255 (22.7%)175 (20.7%)80 (28.5%)
Clinical and laboratory measures
 body mass index >35 kg/m2163 (14.5%)127 (15.0%)26 (12.8%)0.36
 history of CVDa448 (39.8%)313 (37.0%)135 (48.0%)0.001
 history of cancer19 (1.7%)12 (1.4%)7 (2.5%)0.23
 serum albumin <3.5 g/dl at dialysis initiation716 (63.6%)531 (62.8%)185 (65.8%)0.37
 hemoglobin <10 g/dl at dialysis initiation556 (49.4%)411 (48.6%)145 (51.6%)0.39
 predialysis ESAb349 (31.1%)257 (30.4%)92 (32.7%)0.47
Socioeconomic characteristics at evaluation start
 health insurance coverage0.25
  Medicaid232 (20.6%)182 (31.5%)50 (17.8%)
  Medicare245 (21.8%)176 (20.8%)69 (24.6%)
  private649 (57.6%)487 (57.6%)162 (57.7%)
 highest education0.32
  less than high school degree199 (17.7%)153 (18.1%)46 (16.4%)
  completed high school376 (33.4%)292 (34.6%)84 (29.9%)
  some college308 (27.4%)218 (25.8%)90 (32.0%)
  completed college215 (19.1%)161 (19.1%)54 (19.2%)
  unknown28 (2.5%)21 (2.5%)7 (2.5%)
 employment statusc0.89
  employed or full-time student384 (34.1%)284 (33.6%)100 (35.6%)
  disabled or not working414 (36.8%)315 (37.3%)99 (35.2%)
  retired328 (29.1%)246 (29.1%)82 (29.2%)
 neighborhood poverty (percent census tract below poverty)0.31
  <20%800 (71.1%)607 (71.8%)193 (68.7%)
  ≥20%326 (28.9%)238 (28.2%)88 (31.3%)
  • a CVD, cardiovascular disease (defined as history of congestive heart failure, ischemic heart disease, cardiac arrest, myocardial infarction, cardiac dysrhythmia, pericarditis, or cerebrovascular disease).

  • b ESA, erythropoiesis-stimulating agent.

  • c For patients with missing employment status at the time of ESRD (n=31), employment status at the time of evaluation was used.