Table 2.

Baseline features and clinical course of 49 children with CKD and 23 children with CKD stage 5

CKD (%; n=49)CKD Stage 5 (%; n=23)
Sex
 male39 (79.6)22 (95.5)
 female10 (20.4)1 (4.5)
Period
 1987–199932 (65.3)13 (56.5)
 2000–200917 (34.7)10 (43.5)
Fetal ultrasonography findings
 isolated hydronephrosis24 (49%)8 (34.8)
 associated hydronephrosis25 (51%)15 (65.2)
Postnatal diagnosis
 posterior urethral valves21 (42.9)14 (61%)
 ureteropelvic junction obstruction9 (18.4)
 multicystic dysplastic kidney5 (10.2)
 prune belly4 (8.2)4 (17.4)
 primary megaureter3 (6.1)
 hypodysplastic kidneys3 (6.1)3 (13.0)
 others4 (8.2)2 (8.7)
Hypertension
 present10 (20.4)2 (8.7)
 absent39 (79.6)21 (91.3)
Death
 yes10 (20.4)9 (39.1)
 no39 (79.6)14 (60.9)