Table 3.

Causes of death in 22 patients with primary hyperoxaluria on renal replacement therapy

Cause of Deathn (%)
Acute complications of dialysis (fluid overload, hyperkalemia)4 (18)
Cardiovascular disease3 (14)
ESRD treatment refused by patient or withdrawn for medical reasons3 (14)
Complications of liver transplantation3 (14)
Infections (pneumonia, bacterial sepsis)2 (9)
Malignancy1 (4)
Cachexia1 (4)
Other/unknown5 (23)