Table 1.

Characteristics of patients and controls

CharacteristicCKD 3CKD 4/5ESRD
PatientsControlsPatientsPatientsPatientsControls
Participants (n)14614677779292
Creatinine (mg/dl)1.53±0.250.80±0.102.86±0.750.80±0.110.80±0.11
Age (yr)64.1±10.264.2±10.363.6±10.064.5±11.559.2±12.059.4±12.0
African American (%)725574679868
Diabetes (%)575762675858
  • Data expressed with a plus/minus sign are mean ± SD.