Table 3.

Characteristics signifying a poor prognosis in older patients

High comorbidity scores (e.g., modified Charlson Comorbidity Index score of ≥8).
Marked functional impairment (e.g., Karnofsky Performance Status Scale Score <40).
Severe chronic malnutrition (e.g., serum albumin level <2.5 g/dl using the bromcresol green method).
Nephrologist would not be surprised at their death.