Table 2.

AF reference values (AU) in control participants versus RRID participants

Age (years)Control ParticipantsaRRID CKD Stage 3
AF ± SDnAF ± SDn
30 to 39.91.73 ± 0.42862.27 ± 0.625
40 to 49.91.81 ± 0.36722.36 ± 0.5123
50 to 59.92.09 ± 0.36642.43 ± 0.5197
60 to 69.92.46 ± 0.57452.62 ± 0.59439
70 to 79.92.73 ± 0.55272.77 ± 0.60738
80+2.71 ± 0.4452.87 ± 0.63405
  • Autofluorescence (AF) values are expressed as the mean ± 1 SD. RRID, Renal Risk In Derby; CKD, chronic kidney disease.

  • *Reference [38].