Table 2.

Prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD)*

VariablesOverall (n = 3785)Hispanic (n = 497)Non-Hispanic Caucasian (n = 1638)P1Non-Hispanic African American (n = 1650)P2
Self-reported history of CVD
    Any CVD1272 (34)138 (28)507 (31)0.18627 (38)<0.01
    CHD (MI or coronary revascularization)827 (22)90 (18)376 (23)0.02361 (22)0.07
    Heart failure371 (10)37 (7)117 (7)0.82217 (13)<0.01
    Stroke382 (10)37 (7)118 (7)0.86227 (14)<0.01
    Peripheral arterial disease257 (7)35 (7)105 (6)0.62117 (7)0.97
Subclinical Measures of CVD
    CAC score >100719 (37)115 (34)359 (41)0.03245 (35)0.88
    CAC score >400415 (22)65 (19)225 (26)0.02125 (18)0.52
    Left ventricular hypertrophy1663 (54)282 (71)538 (40)<0.01843 (63)<0.01
    Ankle-brachial index <0.9611 (16)72 (15)206 (13)0.23333 (20)<0.01
  • * Values indicate n (%) unless otherwise specified. CAC, coronary artery calcium score; IQR, interquartile range; P1, Hispanic versus non-Hispanic Caucasian; P2, Hispanic versus non-Hispanic African American.