Table 3.

Cumulative costs by categories for patients in the intervention and control groups (presented as per patient costs over 2 years, not discounted, nonimputed)

Disease-Related CostsAll Costs
InterventionControl2-Year DifferenceaInterventionControl2-Year Difference
Year 1Year 2Year 1Year 2Year 1Year 2Year 1Year 2
Emergency$48$63$52$59$1$149$194$136$154$54
Hospitalization$240$425$936$1244−$1,515$2762$2866$3604$4073−$2049
Family physician$172$192$196$166$2$314$308$302$260$61
Nephrology$25$10$14$25−$5$26$11$14$25−$3
Cardiology$32$45$43$55−$21$33$45$43$57−$21
Endocrinology$16$8$13$10$0$16$10$16$13−$3
Internist$26$20$31$27−$13$34$32$45$35−$13
Surgeon$8$9$10$31−$24$47$47$47$90−$43
Other physician$73$35$85$52−$29$304$209$281$290−$58
Clinic$257$257$260$244$11$271$268$273$258$7
Tests and procedures$110$128$173$197−$132$204$231$318$374−$258
Other health care provider$221$149$92$165$113$398$320$311$440−$33
Societal costs$688$347$766$745−$476$1035$530$1225$1176−$836
Study nurse$293$293$1$1$584$293$293$1$1$584
Study nephrologists$173$173$0$0$346$173$173$0$0$346
Total cost$2382$2154$2672$3021−$1157$6059$5537$6616$7246−$2266
  • a Difference is calculated as intervention − control.