Table 2.

Resource utilization based on the 2-year results of the CanPREVENT study, by all cause and related to disease for the intervention and control groups

All CauseRelated to Disease
InterventionControlPInterventionControlP
Annualized resource use per patient per year
    emergency room visits0.680.580.070.170.140.37
    hospitalizations (n)0.160.210.080.050.060.58
    hospitalizations days1.122.60<0.010.470.580.03
    ICU days0.060.28<0.010.030.19<0.01
    family physician visits6.395.87<0.013.663.750.52
    clinic visits
        outpatient4.354.260.554.344.250.58
        walk-in0.220.230.640.060.070.34
        health promotion0.060.100.060.030.070.01
        diabetic0.200.160.140.200.160.14
        free standing0.000.04<0.010.000.010.03
        multidisciplinary0.040.09<0.010.020.050.01
        total clinic visits4.864.870.944.644.620.89
    specialists visits
        nephrologist0.280.300.600.270.300.38
        cardiology0.310.400.020.300.400.02
        endocrinologist0.130.120.880.120.090.36
        internist visits0.280.340.100.190.250.09
        surgeon visits0.400.59<0.010.070.18<0.01
        other specialists8.398.850.030.530.670.01
        total specialist visits9.7810.62<0.011.481.89<0.01
    tests
        x-rays0.690.92<0.010.150.190.18
        CT scans0.150.210.090.070.070.87
        MRI0.060.080.440.030.010.13
        ultrasound0.270.340.070.180.170.76
        ECG0.370.460.040.530.390.01
        stress test0.100.080.460.090.080.52
        angioplasty with stent0.000.010.080.000.010.08
        angioplasty without stent0.000.010.080.000.010.08
        pacemaker insertion0.000.000.320.000.000.32
        fistula0.000.000.320.000.000.32
        central vein catheter0.000.010.080.000.000.32
        total tests1.642.12<0.011.040.930.12
Annualized resource use per case per year
    other health care workers
        social worker0.030.030.850.010.010.99
        dietician0.310.20<0.010.260.180.02
        diabetes clinic nurse0.170.150.340.170.150.39
        other nurse specialty0.150.38<0.010.090.22<0.01
        home care0.671.75<0.010.560.570.81
        pharmacist consulting0.060.050.740.030.030.82
        smoking cessation0.030.00<0.010.030.00<0.01
        weight loss program1.740.60<0.011.450.49<0.01
        physiotherapist0.951.59<0.010.140.03<0.01
        occupational therapist0.010.030.090.000.000.99
        other2.612.19<0.010.650.46<0.01
        total other health care workers6.736.970.203.392.14<0.01
    days lost from work
        patient2.793.55<0.012.793.55<0.01
        caregiver0.290.47<0.010.290.47<0.01
        lost from work (total days)3.084.02<0.013.084.02<0.01
    hours assisted
        health care activities1.181.88<0.010.830.24<0.01
        personal care activities1.387.08<0.010.640.740.08
        shopping12.8320.02<0.012.254.90<0.01
        transportation2.887.93<0.010.522.82<0.01
        total hours assisted18.2736.92<0.014.238.71<0.01
    program costs
        study care nurse (no. visits per year)3.660.02<0.013.660.02<0.01
        nephrologists' minutes (per year)77.9077.90
  • Level of significance adjusted to 0.026 because of multiple testing using the Simes Procedure (significance = α(m + 1)/2m, where m is the number of tests). ICU, intensive care unit; CT, computed tomography; MRI, magnetic resource imaging; ECG, electrocardiography.