Table 4.

Cardiovascular risk factors distribution

% (Patients with Signs/Tested)
Classic cardiovascular risk factors
    PMH or family history of cardiac disease0 (0/33)
    arterial blood pressure raised36 (10/28)
    diabetes mellitus6 (2/33)
    dyslipidemia53 (17/32)
        LDL ≥160 mg/dl9 (3/32)
        and/or, HDL ≤40 mg/dl47 (15/32)
Other cardiovascular risk factors
    metabolic abnormalities
        glucose intolerance25 (6/24)
        abnormal fasting glucose9 (3/33)
        triglycerides >150 mg/dl22 (7/32)
    obesity (BMI >30 kg/m2)70 (23/33)
    central obesitya79 (22/28)
    metabolic syndrome45 (13/29)
    left ventricular hypertrophy17 (5/29)
    micro- or macroalbuminuria31 (9/29)
    stage 3 CKDb9 (3/33)
    hyperfibrinogenemia (>4 g/L)27 (9/33)
    hyperleptinemia (>11 μg/L)90 (27/33)
  • PMH, past medical history; BMI, body mass index.

  • a Central obesity if waist circumference is >94 cm in men or >80 cm in women.

  • b CKD stage 3 = GFR <60 ml/min per 1.73 m2.