Table 2.

OR and 95% CI for cumulative averaged soda intake and presence of MA (ACR 25 to 355 μg/mg)

Soda IntakeNumber of Cases/TotalAge and Energy-Adjusted OR [95% CI]Multivariable-Adjusteda OR [95% CI]
Sugar soda (servings)
    <1 per month131/19151.0 (referent)1.0 (referent)
    1 to 4 per month31/7250.63 [0.42, 0.94]0.69 [0.45, 1.04]
    2 to 6 per week40/5581.11 [0.77, 1.02]1.21 [0.82, 1.78]
    ≥1 per day3/840.89 [0.27, 2.89]0.79 [0.23, 2.68]
Artificially sweetened soda (servings)
    <1 per month48/8671.0 (referent)1.0 (referent)
    1 to 4 per month26/4810.88 [0.54, 1.45]0.72 [0.43, 1.20]
    2 to 6 per week67/11820.89 [0.61, 1.31]0.53 [0.35, 0.81]
    1 to 1.9 per day40/4791.70 [1.09, 2.65]0.89 [0.56, 1.44]
    ≥2 per day24/2732.48 [1.46, 4.21]0.92 [0.52, 1.65]
  • a Adjusted for age, caloric intake, HTN, BMI, diabetes, cigarette smoking, activity (METS/wk), cardiovascular disease, eGFR, and ACEI/ARB medication use.