Table 3.

Practice patterns at responding programs

QuestionAlla (n = 93)Academic (n = 64)Private (n = 24)
What service(s) place PDCs at your institution?
    surgery83 (90)59 (94)20 (83)
    nephrology14 (15)11 (17)3 (13)
    interventional radiology20 (22)13 (21)6 (25)
    I do not know5 (5)3 (5)1 (4)
    not performed2 (2)0 (0)2 (8)
    total responses926324
Who places most PDCs at your institution?
    surgery69 (76)48 (76)16 (70)
    nephrology7 (8)6 (10)1 (4)
    interventional radiology5 (5)2 (3)3 (13)
    I do not know9 (10)7 (11)2 (9)
    not performed1 (1)0 (0)1 (4)
    total responses916323
Does one particular surgeon place most PDCs at your institution?
    yes45 (48)28 (44)16 (67)b
    no37 (40)29 (45)5 (21)
    I do not know7 (8)6 (9)1 (4)
    not applicable4 (4)1 (2)2 (8)
    total responses936424
Does your program train surgical residents in PDC placement?
    yes74 (82)52 (84)18 (75)
    no16 (18)10 (16)6 (25)
    total responses906224
On average, how many PDCs are placed by each categorical resident during training?
    none at all3 (3)2 (3)1 (4)
    0 to 17 (8)5 (8)2 (9)
    1 to 211 (12)8 (13)1 (4)
    2 to 535 (38)21 (33)14 (61)
    5 to 1023 (25)17 (27)5 (22)
    >1012 (13)10 (16)0 (0)
    total responses916323
  • Data reported as n (%) of actual responses.

  • a Data for programs listed as military or other not shown.

  • b Odds ratio 3.2 (95% CI 1.03 to 9.93) comparing private versus academic programs. All other statistical comparisons nonsignificant.