Table 1.

Survey questions given to surgical program directors

  1. What is the primary hospital affiliation of your surgical training program?

  2. What is the total number of residents (preliminary and categorical) in your general surgery residency program?

  3. What service(s) place PDCs at your institution?

  4. Who places most PDCs at your institution?

  5. Does your program train surgical residents in PDC placement?

  6. On average, how many PDCs are placed by each categorical surgery resident during training?

  7. How would you rank the importance of training surgical residents in PDC placement?

  8. Do you believe that residency training in PDC placement affects PDC outcomes after trainees enter practice?

  9. Do you feel that placing PDCs in residency increases the likelihood that surgeons will place PDCs after they enter practice?

  10. In general, which surgeon do you think is most likely to place PDCs?

    • surgeon with <2 years in practice

    • surgeon with 2 to 5 years in practice

    • surgeon with 5 to 10 years in practice

    • surgeon with >10 years in practice

    • other (please specify)

  11. Does one particular surgeon place most PDCs at your institution?

  12. If surgical residents are trained in PDC placement, which technique is used the most?

  13. Do you feel that your program could provide more training in PDC placement if asked?

  14. What barriers or potential barriers limit training in PDC placement in your surgical residency program? Please check all that apply.

    • lack of referrals from nephrology

    • lack of coordination of referrals with nephrology

    • lack of relevance to core surgical curriculum

    • lack of operating room time for procedure

    • lack of adequate reimbursement for procedure

    • lack of faculty experience or interest in procedure

    • competing educational or clinical responsibilities

    • other (please specify)

  15. What factors would help improve your surgery program's ability to train residents in PDC placement? Please check all that apply.

    • more referrals from nephrology

    • better coordination of referrals with nephrology

    • better availability of operating room time for procedure

    • better reimbursement for procedure

    • improved faculty education in procedure

    • other (please specify)